Recently in General Law Category

Indiana Celebrates National Adoption Day - Photo Gallery

November 9, 2012

Here are the photos from Indiana's celebration of National Adoption Day. It was a day filled with education, personal stories and the celebration of children who have found their forever families.

This is an adoptive parent panel. They shared their personal stories and answered questions about their adoption journeys.

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There were also adoptees sharing their stories.

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Thaxton, who was adopted from the Democratic Republic of Congo, was exhausted from being so cute. Look at the drool!

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Judge Zore reading the announcement from Indianapolis mayor, Greg Ballard, declaring it officially "Adoption Day in Indianapolis"

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Attorney Michele Jackson with her beautiful son, Kingston.

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How is Child Support calculated in Indiana?

November 1, 2012

Often times when our clients first come to our office seeking a divorce, they are armed with loads of questions surrounding the divorce process. Child support seems to be a topic in which there is a lot of misinformation out there and even more questions. Since 1989 Indiana courts have followed the Indiana Child Support Guidelines. The court uses a Child Support Worksheet to decide how much child support to order. The purpose of the Worksheet and Guidelines is to establish an appropriate child support amount based on the parent's ability to pay and allow more efficiency in our courts. Typically, each parent completes a worksheet listing their income and other required information. Each worksheet must be signed by the parent. Income must be verified with documentation of past and current earning.

What factors go in to determining child support?

1. The weekly gross-income of both parents
2. Costs of childcare
3. Costs of healthcare
4. Number of nights the non-custodial parent spends with the child(ren)

There are also a few exceptions in which the child support amount can differ from the worksheet, such as extraordinary health or education expenses.

Once Child Support has been established, there are situations in which it can be modified. However, there are certain minimum requirements for making such changes. There are two requirements that must be met in Indiana to petition for a modification: 1) At least 12 months have passed since the date of the last modification and 2) The reduced or increased child support obligation must reflect at least a 20% change (plus or minus). In order to be modified, the changes in circumstances must be "substantial and continuing". A job lay-off or job loss, for instance, is not considered "continuing" as the parent is expected to seek and obtain other employment or to return from lay-off.

Child support can be a complicated computation. Remember, these suggestions are not meant to be legal advice. You should consult a family law attorney to discuss the specifics of your situation.

Get Involved with supporting the Family Act - Helping make family infertility treatments affordable

October 18, 2012

The Family Act of 2011, S 965/HR 3522 (See the bill here) is a bill pending in the U.S. Senate and U.S. House of Representatives that would create a modest tax credit for the out-of-pocket costs incurred for the medical treatment of infertility. The bill is designed to help thousands of couples nationwide bear the cost of medical treatment for infertility, specifically IVF. The financial burden of an infertility diagnosis is significant, and any means to help offset these costs is a positive development for women and men who face IVF treatment.

For many years, families have been created with the help of the Adoption Tax Credit, and we hope this new tax credit will achieve the same level
of success for those trying to cover the costs of medical treatments. The Family Act of 2011 has actually been modeled after the Adoption Tax
Credit.

Key provisions of the House and Senate bill:

  • The Family Act covers the out-of-pocket costs associated with in vitro fertilization (IVF) including diagnostic tests, laboratory charges, professional charges, and medications for IVF.
  • The Family Act covers the out-of-pocket costs of fertility preservation procedures if the man or woman is diagnosed with cancer and the cancer treatment or disease itself may result in infertility.
  • The Family Act has a cost sharing provision allowing 50% of all applicable medical expenses to be covered up to a lifetime maximum of $13,360. You would need to have out-of-pocket costs totaling $26,720 to claim the entire credit in your lifetime.
  • If you do not owe taxes in a particular year, do not owe enough taxes to use the whole credit, or do not reach the max amount in one tax year, it carries over to the next year for a max of five years after the first year you use the credit.
  • The Family Act is available to couples filing jointly with adjusted gross incomes of less than $222,520, but the credit is smaller for those earning between $182,500 and $222,520.

RESOLVE's President/CEO, Barb Collura is trying to raise awareness for more people to get involved. "We are pushing very hard right now to have the bill voted on during the Lame Duck session (after election day and before 12/31/12). The bill will not have a separate floor vote but will be attached to a larger bill. There are many issues Congress has to deal with during the Lame Duck session and our supporters will be looking for a bill that will pass to attach the Family Act to it.
"Right now we need EVERYONE in the country who cares about increasing access to IVF to write and call their Senators and Member of the House
and urge them to co-sponsor the Family Act. Now is the time! If everyone can do this between now and the end of November, it will make a HUGE difference. Thanks!"

To take action right now to promote The Family Act, please go to this link, where you can click to send a letter to your Senators and Representative. Share the link with clients and colleagues, too:
RESOLVE

Photo of the week

October 12, 2012

Attorney Michele Jackson photographed with the children and staff at an Africa orphanage

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MICHELE JACKSON, CARMEL ADOPTION ATTORNEY PRESENTING AT NBI LEGAL EDUCATION SEMINAR

September 20, 2012

Michele Jackson, an attorney at Harden Jackson Law, is presenting a seminar on Adoption Law sponsored by the National Business Institute ("NBI") on October 3rd, 2012.

Ms. Jackson is a founder of HARDEN JACKSON, LLC where she serves as Chair of the Adoption & Reproductive Law Practice Group and concentrates her law practice in adoption, surrogacy, and international family law. Her practice includes representation for expectant (birth) or adoptive parents, as well as step-parent and second parent adoptions. Additionally, Ms. Jackson represents intended parents or surrogates in gestational surrogacy arrangements and other Assisted Reproductive matters such as egg donor agreements. She is routinely sought for her knowledge and experience regarding issues in international adoptions and international family law and has extensive experience with children in the United States and orphans worldwide. Ms. Jackson has dedicated herself to the adoption of orphans worldwide, while assisting couples and individuals to realize their dreams of becoming parents. Her commitment includes traveling to countries to develop and maintain in-country contacts including agencies, attorneys and foreign authorities.

The seminar titled: Adoption Law: Start to Finish is designed for attorneys who want to learn more about adoption laws and proceedings. The program may also be of value to paralegals, adoption agency employees, social workers and counselors. A description of the seminar is provided below:

Adoption is an emotional process for all the parties involved. Are you prepared to assist and guide your clients through this highly emotional time in their lives? Whether you represent the birth parents or the adoptive parents, our faculty will update you on the latest adoption laws, help you understand various procedures and requirements, and give you the background you need to handle adoption cases without unnecessary delays, ethical problems, or surprises.

  • Get all the adoption assistance available for your clients, including tax credits.
  • Advise wisely on the differences between private placements and agency adoptions.
  • Comply with the notice and consent requirements for adoptions without parental consent.
  • Avoid problems when dealing with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services when adopting an international child by knowing what to expect ahead of time.
  • Know your role in the interplay between social worker and guardians ad litem during the adoption process.
  • Advise clients knowledgeably with an understanding of current adoption law.
  • Tackle sensitive ethical issues and other problems that are unique in adoption situations.

To learn more about Michele Jackson and her adoption practice, click here.

Who gets child custody in divorce in Indiana?

September 7, 2012

Attorney Lanae Harden offers information on what the courts in Indiana look for when determining child custody in a divorce.

The best interests of the child is the standard by which any order of child custody is determined. If the parties agree, the court will order joint custody. Even if only one parent wants joint custody, the court may award it if the court thinks it would be in the child’s best interests.

The court can consider many factors, including:

  • whether the persons have agreed to joint custody;
  • the fitness and suitability of each of the persons;
  • whether the persons are willing and able to communicate and cooperate in advancing the child’s welfare;
  • the wishes of the child (with more weight given to the child’s wishes if the child is at least 14 years old);
  • geographical proximity of the parents’ homes; and
  • the physical and emotional environment in each home.

By definition, legal custody is the decision making control over a child. The legal custodian(s) have control in decisions of healthcare, religion, and education. The parties can agree to any other type of decision making control. Some examples of other types of decision making control in the child's life include the participation in extracurricular activities, dating age, summer camps, age for getting a job, or methods of discipline for the child.

Physical custody is simply where the child lives or spends his or her time. The child may have a primary physical custodian, which is just where the child lives most of the time.

Physical custody may be shared between parents who do not live together through parenting time. Indiana has created minimum parenting time guidelines, but they are only a starting point. Once again, the parties may agree to whatever parenting time schedules work best for them and their children.

Joint custody does not mean each parent will have the child one half of the time. The court can order joint legal custody, and then decide how much time each parent will have the child.

Remember, these suggestions are not meant to be legal advice. You should consult a family law attorney to discuss the specifics of your situation. 

To learn more about child custody in Indiana click here.  To contact our attorneys about your child custody situation click here.

Virtual Visitation - Co-parenting in the Cyber Age

August 21, 2012

Technology’s rapid advancement of e-communication continues to improve the speed and variety of ways we can keep connected via telephone and the web. This technology has impacted family law as well, with many parents now utilizing cyber technology to stay more connected with their children, especially in situations where distance is a factor. More states and family courts now acknowledge “virtual visitation” as a means for parents to interact with their children through the use of technology. "Virtual visitation," (also referred to as “e-visitation”) is the common term to reference various forms of internet technology such as video-enabled phone applications (i.e. Skype) as well as video phones, social media, email and text messaging.

The concepts of virtual visitation have appeared in several family law cases, dating back to 2001. However, Utah was the first state to adopt virtual visitation laws following a court order in a case where a divorced father of a then-four-year-old asked the judge to require his ex-wife to allow him to use Skype to maintain contact with his son.

The Utah legislation prompted a surge in requests for virtual visitation. Non-custodial parents relayed their own experiences that interactions with their children via phone were often limited and short. In contrast, reports have shown that video calls via the internet last as much as 3 times longer than telephone calls. This information has led to advocacy for legislation and permitting virtual visitation is becoming a growing trend. Since 2004, 6 more states have adopted legislation, and while none exists in Indiana, a pre-draft bill has been proposed and is awaiting legislative support.

Even without legislation, many judges consider proposals for virtual visitation by determining whether this type of contact is in the best interests of the child. Virtual visitation can be used to encourage increased contact between a non-custodial parent and the child, and the face-to-face interaction improves bonding in comparison to traditional telephonic contact, especially with younger children who have limited verbal skills. However, parents should remember that virtual visitation is not a substitute for in-person parenting time; the internet simply provides some extra tools, to be used carefully. If you have a parenting time or other family law issue and need legal advice, contact Harden Jackson Law at 317-569-0770 to schedule a consultation.

The above is for informational purposes only and is not intended to be legal advice. You should consult with an attorney to discuss details of your particular situation.

Wisconsin Ruling Prevents Most Insurers from Denying Benefits to Surrogates

August 9, 2012

Two Wisconsin surrogate mothers- with help from the state Commissioner of Insurance and state Supreme Court- have made Wisconsin the most surrogacy-friendly state in the nation when it comes to health insurance.

A 2010 Supreme Court ruling, handed down after the two women were denied benefits, makes it illegal for most health insurers to refuse to cover a surrogate’s pregnancy. That means infertile couples who want to be parents can save thousands of dollars in medical costs by working with Wisconsin surrogates.

“The Supreme Court has said, essentially, that if you are an insurance policy governed by Wisconsin law and you provide maternity coverage, you can’t exclude coverage for somebody based on the circumstances of conception,” said attorney Lynn Bodi, who co-owns a surrogacy agency in Madison. Attorney’s around the country are very aware of the Wisconsin decision, the only one of its kind in the nation so far, Bodi said. She believes that the other states are interested in trying to use it to explain to their courts and legislatures that this makes sense.

The case began after Janesville-based MercyCare Insurance Company and MercyCare HMO denied coverage to the two women. They had served as gestational surrogates, meaning they were not genetically related to the children that they were carrying. The first delivered a baby in 2003, incurring $18,511 in medical bills. The second delivered twins in 2004, with medical bills totaling $16,745. Their health plans said “surrogate mother services” were not covered.

The Wisconsin Commissioner of Insurance reviewed the situation after one of the women complained it was discriminatory to exclude her from coverage based on how conception occurred. Jorge Gomez, then the state insurance commissioner, agreed, calling the decision to become pregnant “intensely personal.” “To give an insurer license to inquire into why a woman is pregnant or whether she intends to keep her baby would be improper,” he wrote.

MercyCare challenged the decision and won in Circuit Court. Gomez’s office appealed. Rather than issuing a decision, the state Court of Appeals sent the case to the Supreme Court, which ruled against MercyCare. “An insurer may not make routine maternity services that are generally covered under the policy unavailable to a specific subgroup of insureds, surrogate mothers, based solely on the insured’s reasons for becoming pregnant or the method used to achieve pregnancy,” the decision says.

Some health plans, including those regulated by the federal government rather than by the state and those that re self-funded, are not covered by the ruling. It does not require insurers to cover reproductive technology, such as in vitro fertilization, only the costs of prenatal care and delivery. Fears that the case would damage the industry have not materialized, according to Phil Dougherty, senior executive officer at the Wisconsin Association of Health Plans. “It’s not anything that has been on our radar screen, “ he said. “No one has raised that specific issue as an industry issue to be addressed.”

Five things you need to know when filing for divorce in Indiana

July 24, 2012

1. Never allow your emotions to rule your actions – if your spouse has left and filed for divorce it is time for you to take action. Get an attorney and do what you need to do to protect yourself.

2. Don’t use the same lawyer. Each party should obtain separate counsel and get separate advice. Even if you plan to work things out amicably, one lawyer cannot equally represent conflicting or different interests.

3. Indiana addresses four main issues in Divorce: Property division, Child Custody, Child Visitation and Child Support.

4. Indiana has "no fault" divorce, which means you don't have to prove either spouse did anything wrong to get a divorce. The spouse who wants a divorce just has to tell the court that the marriage is "irretrievably broken" to get a divorce. There is really nothing the other spouse can do to stop a divorce

5. All assets and property are generally divided up 50/50%. Even if you had significant assets prior to the marriage, the judge will generally view it as marital property and split evenly, unless they have a good reason not to do so or if there was a sound prenuptial agreement in place.

Divorce can be confusing and emotional.  Find a divorce lawyer that you trust to navigate you through the process.  Remember, it doesn't have to be adversarial.  You can choose to Collaborate or mediate  to resolve your differences.

Click here to learn more about divorce in Indiana.

Remember, these suggestions are not meant to be legal advice. You should consult a family law attorney to discuss the specifics of your situation. 

HARDEN JACKSON ON WISH-TV - INDIANA CHILD SUPPORT

July 19, 2012

New Child Support Guidelines: wishtv.com

Harden Jackson Law on WISHTV

May 23, 2012

Family Law: wishtv.com

Giuliana and Bill Rancic expecting through a gestational surrogate

April 23, 2012

You may have heard about Giulana and Bill Rancic's plight to have a baby.  Giuliana, who co-hosts "Fashion Police" on E! and who shares a reality show with Bill ("Giuliana & Bill" on Style Network), has publicly shared the couple's infertility struggles and then her subsequent breast cancer diagnosis on television.  They announced on the TODAY show this morning that they are having a baby through a gestational surrogate.

The couple had struggled to get pregnant prior to her cancer diagnosis and had two frozen embryos as their last hope.  Due to the cancer fighting drugs Giuliana has taken, she would have to wait years to carry a child.  They chose surrogacy and now have a baby on the way.

You can read more about their interview here:  http://todayentertainment.today.msnbc.msn.com/_news/2012/04/23/11348819-giuliana-and-bill-rancic-were-having-a-baby

Harden Jackson featured in The Indiana Lawyer

March 30, 2012

We work very hard to build a positive reputation in our community.  In an ideal world, our attorneys great work would speak for itself.  However, in today's consumer driven world, we have to distinguish our firm from others in the area.  The Indiana Lawyer recently interviewed our Director of Business Development, Leah Potter, on the hard work and effort that goes into promoting our positive message to the public.

The article content is below:

Lawyers know the importance of first impressions, and a client’s initial interaction with your firm may be through your website. That’s why savvy law firms have begun devoting more resources to presenting a polished online image.

Perkins

“I think that as a firm, if we didn’t have a web presence – or perhaps even worse, had a web presence that is poor – to me, it’s no different than someone walking into our office and seeing the floors don’t get vacuumed, or seeing that the cleaning services don’t do their job, or that we don’t care enough to type our pleadings on something other than a 1983 dot matrix (printer),” said Andy Perkins, a partner with Peterson Waggoner & Perkins, in Rochester.

Perkins, who doubles as the firm’s webmaster, and other like-minded attorneys say that people expect law firms to have a website. And what firms do with those websites may be the key to winning clients.

Eye-catching content

Leah Potter, business development director for Harden Jackson in Carmel, said that photos are an important component of the firm’s online presence.

Potter

“We try to do professional photos once a year, to keep the content fresh,” Potter said. “We feel like getting the attorneys’ faces out there is really one of the most important things we can do for marketing.”

Even more important, Potter said, are the firm’s video segments. While the firm has been producing those since 2008, a few months ago, Harden Jackson began filming segments that feature its attorneys explaining some of the most common questions clients have about family law.

“Our thought behind that is that people are going to develop an automatic trust when they see someone on video; it’s a lot different than just looking at a picture of someone,” she said.

Harden Jackson owns the rights to the photos and videos on its website. Perkins said his firm also owns the rights to the images on its website.

Before redesigning the website, Perkins said his firm identified photos as being an important marketing tool.

“We read up on things that are useful for the site, and we wanted to have some nice ones done so we could use them not just on the site but for some other things here and there,” he said.

Jennifer Walker, chief marketing officer for Bose McKinney & Evans, agreed that having uniform, professional photos on the website creates an overall impression of consistency, as do the attorney biographies, which the attorneys and marketing staff write together.

Getting people there

Lawyers know that nowadays, most people find information through Google searches. So if you want to compete with other firms, your site needs better search engine optimization – or SEO. That means picking the right keywords and “tags” so that people searching for lawyers, or services your firm offers, will see your firm in the top search results.

While some lawyers feel comfortable performing their own SEO, others hire companies to do that work for them.

Harden Jackson hired Visual Blaze to perform SEO for the site.

“We are in constant contact with them, optimizing our SEO,” Potter said. “We make sure we’re up at the top with keywords. We have approximately 1,000 visitors a month, I would say, and they come to us from different sources.”

Miles Design optimized the SEO for Bose McKinney & Evans. While Walker was careful to avoid revealing any inside secrets, she said that some clients have reported finding their way to the firm because of a blog an attorney wrote, so keywords and tags in blogs may help drive client traffic to the website.

Perkins said his firm is already seeing returns on the investment in its website.

“We are getting feedback more frequently from clients who saw us via a search-engine search. In the past three months we’ve gotten three to five clients who have originated from out-of-state who would not have known us by local reputation and were able to come to us just by web presence,” he said.

As firms begin focusing more on their online presence, they may be increasingly shifting budgets away from traditional advertising.

Seth Buitendorp, a bankruptcy attorney for the Merrillville firm Genetos Retson & Yoon, has designed his own webpage using software made by The Modern Firm. Genetos Retson & Yoon has a static webpage that provides basic information, but Buitendorp’s individual page provides him a forum to explain in detail the services he officers.

Since 2010, Buitendorp has cut back on his phonebook advertising. He used to advertise in both major phone books in Lake and Porter counties. But he’s dropped advertising altogether in one phone book in each county, sensing that his clients will increasingly turn to the Internet to find him.

Buitendorp

“I’ve had some bankruptcy clients – younger to middle age – they may not even have Internet at home, but they have a smartphone,” he said.

What people want

Google Analytics, a free service that tracks interaction with websites, allows firms to determine how visitors find their website, how long they stay on the page and what kind of content they’re viewing.

Walker said that analytics tells her that people visit attorney profiles frequently, along with event pages. Recently, more people have been visiting the firm’s blog landing page.

“Blogs provide value by having an immediate forum for people to access the latest news,” Walker said. “Blogs tend to be very immediate and factual, yet engaging, and sometimes even a little more informal.”

Peterson Waggoner & Perkins includes on its website an online survey for clients to provide feedback about the firm’s performance. Another feature allows clients to make payments online. But the website is designed to be straightforward and user-friendly.

“I think the priority for us is not the technological capacity of a website, I think for us it’s more important that it look nice, that it’s professional, and that the information on it be current and show prospective clients what they need quickly,” Perkins said.

DIY design

Firms don’t need to spend a fortune on a good website. Buitendorp said he paid an initial set-up fee of about $1,500, and he maintains the site himself, paying only a modest monthly hosting fee. And his professional-looking headshot is courtesy of a friend – Buitendorp posed for the portrait in a garage.

Perkins uses Squarespace software, which is easy enough to use that the firm does not need an extra staff member to administer the website.

“The kind of person who’s comfortable updating their Facebook page probably can – with a little bit of exploring and training – be comfortable with managing a website,” he said. “I think what they’ve put together is a real game changer in terms of being able to manage content, because it no longer needs to be filtered through someone who speaks HTML as a second language.”•

You may read the article at http://www.theindianalawyer.com/making-the-most-of-online-marketing/PARAMS/article/28447?page=1

Relocating and Custody - Know Before You Go

March 28, 2012

Attorney Lanae Harden, who chairs Harden Jackson’s Family Law Practice Group, advises those parents who are considering relocating and how to ensure you are abiding by the state statute.

Job losses and the housing market decline during this economic recession have forced many people to relocate in order to downsize their residences or to pursue new job opportunities. A move may also occur following a divorce, especially if one of the former spouses had temporary living arrangements while the sale of the marital home was pending, or subsequently as the result of remarriage.

Divorce and relocation are two of the most stressful changes in an adult’s life. Numerous details and tasks must be managed and completed. When children are involved, the focus is usually whether the change will affect their friends or which school they attend. What many parents do not realize is that their move may violate a state statute. Pursuant to Indiana law, a relocating individual must file detailed written notice of their intent to move with the clerk of the court that issued a custody or parenting time order. The notice is required well in advance of a move, and applies regardless of whether the move is across the street, across town or to a different state. Many parents have been caught by surprise by the relatively new relocation statute (particularly those who divorced prior to its adoption), and have found themselves unwittingly in violation of such.

Previously, the statute only required filing of a relocation notice when a move was greater than 100 miles or out of state. Now, notice applies to every move and must be filed 90 days before the proposed relocation. The non-relocating parent then has 60 days to object to the move or request modifications in custody or parenting time from the court relevant to the relocation. The court considers numerous factors in determining whether any such modification should be granted, including the distance involved, and whether the relocating parent is making the move in good faith and has a legitimate reason for the move. The priority of the court is to confirm that the move is in the best interests of the children. If distance is a factor, other matters must be addressed, including how the move will affect parenting time and impact the non-relocating parent’s relationship with the children. This can be a volatile subject for many parents, and the financial and emotional stresses can exacerbate the situation. However, communication and cooperation can minimize the conflict and parents may be able to negotiate an agreement and alleviate many relocation hurdles and concerns. Consulting with an experienced family law attorney can help either the relocating or non-relocating parent understand how the statute applies to their particular situation and develop a plan of action to address their concerns.

Supreme Court hearing case on children born after death via Assisted Reproductive Technology.

March 21, 2012

On March 19th, 2012, the US Supreme Court began hearing arguments on whether a child who was conceived via in vitro fertilization after the death of his biological father can receive Social Security benefits as his father’s surviving child (Astrue v. Capato). This issue is increasingly relevant as the Social Security Administration is dealing with cases such as this and other complicated issues due to advanced technology in Reproductive practices.

In this particular case, Robert Capato deposited semen for storage at a local Sperm Bank in 1999 when he was diagnosed with cancer. Mr. Capato died in 2002. In 2003, his wife, Karen, used his sperm to become pregnant and give birth to twins. At the time of his death, Mr. Capato only named his three existing children as his beneficiaries in his will.

Mr. Capato resided in Florida when he died, so when Karen Capato applied for Social Security benefits in Florida she was denied due to Florida’s intestacy law. Florida law allows a postmortem child to inherit only if provided for in the decedent’s will, the court held that the twins were not eligible for child’s insurance benefits. In part, the legal issue hinges on the Social Security Administration’s definition of “child”, which a federal appeals court agreed that the Capatos did meet the definition as they are biologically Mr. Capato’s. However, the Social Security Administration’s position was that the issue should be decided by the wage-earner’s home state and whether that state would let a posthumously conceived child inherit property in the absence of a will. In the Capato’s case, the agency concluded that since Mr. Capato was a resident of Florida and it is a state that wouldn’t permit such an inheritance, the denial of benefits was upheld.

It is impossible to decipher the intent of Mr. Capato, but it seems clear that he had intended for children (or at least the possibility of children) after his death given that he had stored his semen at a Sperm Bank. Also, what if Karen Capato had been pregnant at the time of Mr. Capato’s death? The child would have been born after his death. Would that child have been denied Social Security benefits? Is there discrimination against children conceived via Assisted Reproductive Technology versus naturally?

This case brings up very important legal questions that the Social Security Administration will be forced to recognize and resolve in the very near future. Assisted Reproductive Technology has brought forth issues that haven’t existed before. Hopefully, the court can make precedential decisions to address these issues. Ultimately it comes down to the best interest of the children and hopefully that is reflected in the rulings that are handed down.